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“Portrait of a Woman,” one of Picasso’s most famous paintings, was painted in 1936. Experts attribute this time to the period of surrealism in the work of Picasso, when the artist was seriously carried away by this trend for more than ten years, creating many outstanding examples of surrealist painting. Surrealism is characterized by a significant increase in the feminine, embodied in the originality and pictorial features of the paintings: instead of the sharp, broken lines and angular figures characteristic of Cubism, the central place is occupied by rounded, soft forms; the paintings acquire bright, saturated colors and are marked by extremely high sensuality, not characteristic of other styles.
Most of all, surrealism occupied the attention of Pablo Picasso from 1925 to 1937, when he was already a middle-aged man, acquiring great fame and great fortune. Some researchers, including modern art historians, call this time the period of the highest flowering of the artist. Significant changes in these years occurred in the personal life of Picasso: in the 1930s, a certain Maria-Teresa, his new lover, became the main inspirer of the artist’s work.
The picture has another name - "Reading Woman." To this topic - a woman sitting at a book - Pablo Picasso returned repeatedly in the later periods of his work, but this typically surrealistic picture seems to be the most vivid, highly harmonious, filled with tenderness and strong emotions. Now the “Portrait of a Woman” of 1936 is kept in a private collection.
G Nyssa February Moscow Region